Walpole Cooperative Bank
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Adolescent Puppy Nutrition
Now that the puppies are adolescents, it is time to change their feeding routine.  We have been sampling several different types of foods to see which is the best for your dog's digestive tract.  

What we have come up with is:
Feed your dog with a high-quality dog kibble.   Most of our dogs should be eating 2-3 cups of food per day and should be on an adult food.  Most of you have already determined a food that is good for your dog.  Sometimes it is just a matter of time to see which food works best for your dog.

Some healthy alternatives for dog treats:

Baby carrots
Sweet potatoes
Green beans
Apples with out the seeds
The most accurate way to determine how many cups of food your pet should have in a day is by counting calories. Each bag or can of food will say how many Kcal’s per cup are in the food.

Here are a few simple steps to follow to ensure the proper amount of food being fed each day.
Find the food analysis on the food bag and look for: 
Calorie Content
You will need to locate the number of calories per cup, it will read as follows: #kcal/cup
EX: on hills feline c/d the calorie content is 349kcal/cup
Next, you need the most recent weight on your pet in (kg)
To change lbs to kg: lbs divided by 2.2 equals kg
Example a 22 lb pet weighs 10 lbs

Now to the calculations:
30 X (weight in kg’s) + 70= the amount of kcal’s per day

Take the number in 4a X 1.6= kcal/day for your dog, then divide that number by kcal/cup that you found in step 2. This is the amount of food per day your dog can have to maintain their current weight.
Easter Time Precautions
Vomiting, diarrhea, and other out-of-the-normal behaviors and symbols may indicate the consumption of candies or even the colorful plastic grass and eggs found in Easter baskets-- which can also prove dangerous: if ingested, these decorations can lead to a blockage of their tiny digestive tracts.

Flea and Tick Season
Cause of Fleas:
  • Fleas are easily brought in from the outdoors.
  • Fleas thrive in warm, humid climates at temperatures of 65 to 80 degrees.
  • Adult fleas spend most of their lives on the animal, laying eggs in the fur.
  • These eggs drop out onto rugs, upholstery, bedding and furniture; the new adult fleas will, in turn, find their living host (either human or animal).

Flea symptoms
Fleas are most commonly noticed on a dog’s abdomen, the base of the tail and the head. Common symptoms of fleas on dogs include:
  • Droppings or “flea dirt” in a dog’s coat (small dark "grains of sand")
  • Flea eggs (tiny, white grains)
  • Allergic dermatitis
  • Excessive scratching, licking or biting at skin
  • Hair loss
  • Scabs and hot spots
  • Pale gums
  • Tapeworms

Flea Complications
  • Fleas can consume 15 times their own body weight in blood, which can cause anemia or a significant amount of blood loss over time.
  • This is especially problematic in young puppies or kittens, where an inadequate number of red blood cells can be life-threatening.
  • Some pets have heightened sensitive to the saliva of fleas, which can cause an allergic reaction known as flea allergy dermatitis.

Flea and Tick Season
Tick Transmission
  • Most species of ticks require blood meals from a host to survive.
  • Ticks bury their head into a host’s skin when they bite and then gorge themselves on blood.
  • Ticks tend to be most active in late spring and summer and live in tall brush or grass, where they can attach to dogs and outdoor cats.
  • Ticks can be transferred from pets coming into the household from outdoors.
  • Ticks prefer to attach close to the head, neck, ears and feet, but can be found anywhere on your pet’s body.
  • Ticks are particularly prominent in warm climates and certain wooded areas of the Northeast.

Tick Complications
  • Blood loss
  • Anemia
  • Tick paralysis
  • Skin irritation or infection
Lyme Disease
  • Lyme disease is a bacterial infection than can affect humans, dogs, cats and other mammals.
  • Its primary carrier is the deer tick, which can attach to a dog or human and transmit the bacteria that cause the disease.
  • Clinical signs of Lyme disease include depression, swelling of the lymph nodes, loss of appetite, fever, swollen, painful joints and kidney failure.
  • Lyme disease is most effectively treated with antibiotics.
  • With prompt, proper treatment, your pet’s condition should start to improve within 48 hours.

Tick Prevention
  • Many of the same products on the market that treat fleas also kill ticks and prevent against future infestation. Speak to your vet about the best product for your pet.
  • Ensure a tick-free lawn by mowing it regularly, removing tall weeds and making it inhospitable to rodents by keeping garbage covered and inaccessible.
  • Flea and tick collar